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Let's say you had one legit $20 and one really good photocopy of the same $20. If someone were to try to spend both the true bill and the fake one, someone that took the trouble of looking at either of the invoices' serial numbers would observe that they were exactly the same number, and consequently one of them had to be fictitious.
This isn't a perfect analogy--we will explain in more detail below. .
Once a miner has confirmed 1 MB (megabyte) worth of Bitcoin transactions, they are entitled to win the 12.5 BTC. The 1 MB limit was set by Satoshi Nakamoto, and can be a matter of controversy, as some miners think the block size should be increased to accommodate more information.
Note that I said that verifying 1 MB value of transactions makes a miner eligible to earn Bitcoin--not everyone who supports transactions will get paid out.
1MB of transactions can technically be little as 1 transaction (though this is not in any way common) or a few thousand. It depends on how much information the transactions take up.
In order to earn Bitcoin, you need to meet two conditions. One is a matter of work, one is a matter of luck.
2) You have to be the first miner to reach the right answer to a numeric issue. This process is also known as an evidence of work.
The good news: No advanced math or computation is involved. You might have discovered that miners are solving difficult mathematical problems--that is not true at all. What they are doing is trying to be the first miner to think of a 64-digit hexadecimal number (a"hash") that is less than or equal to the hash.
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The bad news: Since it's guesswork, you need a lot of computing power in check out this site order to get there . To mine successfully, you need to have a higher"hash speed," which is quantified in terms of megahashes per second (MH/s), gigahashes per second (GH/s), and terahashes per second (TH/s).
If you want to estimate how much Bitcoin you could mine with your mining rig's hash rate, the site Cryptocompare offers a very helpful calculator.
Either way a GPU (graphics processing unit) miner or an application-specific integrated circuit (ASIC) miner. These can run from $500 into the tens of thousands. Some miners--especially Ethereum miners--buy individual graphics cards (GPUs) as a cheap way to cobble together mining operations. The photo below is a makeshift, high-tech mining machine. The cards are such rectangular cubes with whirring circles. Note the sandwich twist-ties holding the pictures cards into the metal rod.
Example: I tell three friends I'm thinking about a number between 1 and 100, and I write that number on a sheet of paper and seal it in an envelope. My friends don't have to guess the exact number, they simply have to be the very first person to figure any number that is less than or equal to this number I'm thinking of.
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Let us say I am thinking of the number 19. If Friend A guesses 21they lose because 21>19. If Friend B guesses 16 and Friend C guesses 12, then they have both technically came at viable answers, because 16<19 and 12<19. There's no"extra credit" for Friend B, even though B's answer was nearer to the goal answer of 19. .
In Bitcoin conditions, simultaneous answers occur frequently, but at the end of the day there can only be one winning answer. When multiple simultaneous answers are presented that are equal to or less than the target number, the Bitcoin network will determine by a simple majority--51%--that miner to honour. Typically, it is the miner that has done the work, i.e.
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The number above has 64 digits. Easy enough to understand up to now. As you likely noticed, that number consists not only of numbers, but also letters of this alphabet. Why is that
In order to understand these letters are doing in the middle of numbers, let's unpack the term"hexadecimal."
As you knowwe utilize the"decimal" system, which means it's base 10. This in turn means that each and every digit has 10 possibilities, 0-9.